The Eagle's Last Stronghold

An exhibition opens at the Shetland Museum and Archives next week highlighting the story of the white-tailed ‘sea’ eagle in Shetland. Shetland was home to some of the last white-tailed sea eagles in Britain before they were hunted to extinction. The exhibition will open on 22nd June and will be a key part of the upcoming Shetland Nature Festival.

Albino Sea Eagle (Shetland), George Lodge, 1915

The White-tailed eagle is Britain’s largest bird of prey, they and can live for over 20 years and pair for life. White-tailed eagles prey on carrion, rabbits, fish and birds but have also been known to take lambs and hens. Dr. Ian Tait, Curator at Shetland Museum and Archives said, “It was for this reason that humans became the eagle’s deadly enemy. People climbed cliffs to raid the eggs, and guns and poison were used in an attempt to control this majestic raptor. Laws to protect the birds began in the late nineteenth century and Reverend Ernest Sorby was fined the equivalent of £1,500 today’s money for killing a bird in 1904 in Yell.”

Known as an ‘Ern’ in Shetland, the eagle is shrouded in folklore, myth and legend. ‘Ern’ is apparent in a number of local place-names such as ‘Ern Stack’ (Eagle Rock) and ‘Earnahoull’ (Eagle hill), places where eagles are known to have frequented. Legend tells of an eagle stealing the infant Mary Anderson in Unst and flying to Fetlar with her in 1693. Local lad Robert Nicolson is said to have climbed the cliffs and recovered the child whom he later married.

Dr. Tait continued, “The last White-tailed eagle in Britain was shot in Northmavine in 1918 and a painting of that eagle is a highlight of our exhibition. It is the first time this painting has been on display in Shetland and was painted by artist and conservationist George Lodge in 1914.”

In 1968 attempts were made by the Fair Isle bird observatory to re-introduce the eagle. Although the experiment did not work in Shetland, it paved the way for successful reintroductions in the Hebrides and they have now spread north as far as Orkney. The exhibition runs from 22nd June to 22nd September and is sponsored by the Shetland Bird Club. As part of Shetland Nature Festival Dr. Tait will be delivering a talk about the exhibition entitled ‘Shetland’s guilt in a national extinction’. The talk will take place on Monday 8th July at 7:30pm at the Museum and Archives and can be booked here. For more information see www.shetlandamenity.org/shetland-nature-festival.

Related Posts

Shetland Museum closed Saturday (6 Aug) afternoon

Shetland Museum is closing at 2.00pm this Saturday 6 August.

Read more

Da Wadder

The weather is never far from conversation here, and it hasn’t been a great summer. Some good days though, and on July 19 the ...

Read more

Maggie Helen Under Sail

The Maggie Helen was under sail last night for the first time in over 100 years.

Read more

Temporary diversion at the Museum as the Maggie Helen is on the move

There will be a temporary car park closure and access diversion in place at Hay’s Dock at the Shetland Museum and Archives from the ...

Read more

Land of Straw Art Exhibition

Opening today, Berenice Carrington’s exhibition at the Shetland Museum and Archives focuses on the agricultural cycle of growing ...

Read more

The Laurel

The Shetland Times, 12 October 1907 reported an important event at the Ness. Harry Irvine of Glenfield got a Fifie fishing boat, the ...

Read more

Join the guest list for BBC Radio 4’s Any Questions at Shetland Museum and Archives

It’s your chance to ask a question and influence the debate as BBC Radio 4’s Any Questions is coming to Shetland Museum and ...

Read more

Shetland's jubilations (Part 2)

2022 is the third time in twenty years there’s been a Royal Jubilee, so you might think they come around often. In fact, it’s in ...

Read more

Join our team! Visitor Experience Assistant vacancy

Are you passionate about Shetland's culture and heritage? Do you enjoy working with the public and would you like to help create ...

Read more

Shetland's jubilations (Part 1)

2022 is the third time in twenty years there’s been a Royal Jubilee, so a body might think they come around often. In fact, it's in ...

Read more

Johnnie Notions Project

We are delighted to announce that we have been awarded funding from The Royal Society to make a film on 18th Century Shetland pioneer, ...

Read more

Hay’s Dock by the Dowry now open

Food and drink is back on the menu at Shetland Museum and Archives, with the much-anticipated opening of ‘Hay’s Dock by the ...

Read more

Crofthouse Museum open for the summer

The Crofthouse Museum at Dunrossness will be opening for the summer season from Sunday 1 May. The site has been closed for the last ...

Read more

Restoration work to begin on Maggie Helen at historic Hay's Dock

This week Shetland Museum and Archives will welcome traditional sail vessel the Swallow to Hay's Dock with its crew of shipwrights ...

Read more

Gunnister Man Coins

Over 70 years after his discovery in a Northmavine peat bog, Gunnister Man continues to intrigue. Last week Shetland Museum curator, ...

Read more